Canada. New ways to bridge gap from school to work
Companies look beyond internships and co-op to build skills and recruit.
Tags : Article; Canada; School-to-work transition; Source: Macleans;
Malawi. Gender Differences in the Effects of Vocational Training
This paper provides experimental evidence on the effects of vocational and entrepreneurial training for Malawian youth, in an environment where access to schooling and formal sector employment is extremely low. It tracks a large fraction of program drop-outs—a common phenomenon in the training evaluation literature—and examines the determinants and consequences of dropping out and how it mediates the effects of such programs. The analysis finds that women make decisions in a more constrained environment, and their participation is affected by family obligations. Participation is more expensive for them, resulting in worse training experience. The training results in skills development, continued investment in human capital, and improved well-being, with more positive effects for men, but no improvements in labor market outcomes in the short run.
Tags : Gender - equity; Malawi; Paper; Source: World Bank; VET - vocational education and training;
Pakistan. Sociology of higher education: a case study of Pakistan
This article aims to present a sociological understanding of higher education, primarily in Pakistan. Using both theory and empirical evidence it will explore issues relating to the impact of social factors on higher education. Particular attention is paid to the role that higher education plays in promoting social mobility as well as social reproduction. The paper examines the various perspectives on: the application of sociological theories to issues in higher education, access to college, quality and efficiency, relevance of education, inadequate research activities, class, race and gender-based differences in educational outcomes and retention.
Tags : Education - higher; Higher education; Pakistan; Paper; Source: European Journal of Social Sciences;
Immigrant Skill Selection and Utilization: a Comparative Analysis of Australia, Canada and the United States
We compare literacy test scores and relative wage and employment outcomes of Australian, Canadian and U.S. immigrants using the 2003/2006 Adult Literacy and Life Skills Survey (ALLS). We find substantially higher immigrant skill levels at the lower end of the distribution in Australia, especially among recent arrivals, but little difference across countries at the top. In addition, we identify substantially larger wage returns to immigrant skill in the U.S., which we argue reflects language-skill complementarities, as opposed to more efficient skill utilization or unobserved productivity characteristics. Our results suggest that the benefit of a point system for the U.S. lies in its potential to limit unskilled immigration flows, rather than in raising skills at the top end of the distribution where the economic growth potential of immigration is likely greatest. Keyword
Tags : Analysis - comparative; Australia; Canada; Comparative analysis; Foreign workers; Paper; Skills; Source: CLSRN - Canadian Labour Market and Skills Researcher Network; United States of America;
Alignment of the AQF with the New Zealand Qualifications Framework and the European Qualifications Framework: consultation paper
Two international projects have been commenced that aim to align the Australian Qualifications Framework (AQF) with the New Zealand Qualifications Framework and with the European Qualifications Framework. The alignment of these qualifications frameworks will support the understanding and recognition of Australian qualifications in both New Zealand and Europe and the qualifications of New Zealand and Europe in Australia. The alignment outcomes also will assist in supporting: the effectiveness of student and worker mobility; Australia's international commitments; and qualifications recognition decision making. The purpose of this consultation paper is to provide an opportunity for AQF stakeholders to provide input to the projects.
Tags : Australia; Europe; National Framework of Qualifications (NFQ); New Zealand; NQF - National Qualifications Frameworks; Paper; Source: Australian Qualifications Framework Council;
These European Schools Produce the Highest-Paid Finance Graduates — Survey
If you want a well-paid job in finance, go to university in France and study something geeky. The best paid finance graduates, according to the survey of 700 professionals who graduated with a BA, BSc. or Masters degree (but not an MBA) after 2011, attended École Polytechnique, one of France’s prestigious Grandes Écoles, or elite schools, based in Palaiseau near Paris.
Tags : Analysis - comparative; Comparative analysis; Higher education; News; Source: Wall Street Journal;
Modern Concepts in the Curriculum and the Teaching of Nanotechnology
Nanotechnology is regarded as the technology of the 21st century. Due to the revolution of nanotechnology, its presence divides the world into advanced countries and developing. Nanotechnology education is now a domestic and international challenge to solve the problems facing society, while simultaneously making life and the future better. Thisstudy creates conceptsin nanotechnology education, discovering modern concepts in the curriculum and teaching of nanotechnology, enabling educatorsto design an effective nanotechnology curriculum in addition to planning suitable learning environments, at the same time, helping academics to study and develop nanotechnology science effectively. Although the presentstudy has adopted the descriptive approach to organize modern concepts in nanotechnology education, some researchers have pointed to the importance of integrating disparate nanotechnology conceptsinto curricula matrices and teaching activities through all educational stages to face the educational lack in this area internationally. This affirms that nanotechnology education must be treated academically to attain contemporary educational objectives.
Contribution of Gamal S. Ahmed, Associate Professor at Najran University, Saudi Arabia, email@example.com
Tags : Curriculum - development; Field: Nanotechnology; Nanotechnology; Paper; Source: Information Resources Management Association;
Stronger vocational education and training for better lives
Common European priorities in training have had a positive effect. It’s time to reach levels of implementation that help people and enterprises.
2015 September Newsletter; Briefing note; In English; Source: Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training; Trend - VET; VET - trend;
Focus on vocational education and training (VET) programmes
In 2012, in more than one-third of OECD countries, over half of all upper secondary students participated in pre-vocational or vocational programmes but less than 30% of those students were exposed to work‑based learning. Countries with well-established and high-quality vocational and apprenticeship programmes have improved youth employment opportunities. However, in many OECD countries, the share of young people who are neither employed, nor in education or training (NEET) is still higher for graduates from upper secondary VET than from upper secondary general programmes. Students who enter vocational programmes are less likely to graduate than those who are enrolled in general programmes. Moreover, they are nearly five times less likely to enrol in further education than graduates from general secondary schools with similar proficiency in literacy.
En français. Zoom sur l'enseignement et la formation professionnels (EFP)
Tags : 2015 September Newsletter; In English; NEET - not in employment - education or training; OECD countries; Paper; Source: OECD - Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development; VET - vocational education and training; Youth - employability;
Are we getting it right? The importance of assessing and anticipating skill needs
Recent empirical literature warns about the negative impact that skills mismatch can have on individuals and economies as a whole. At the individual level, over-qualification and over-skilling entail lower earnings, lower job satisfaction and a higher risk of unemployment relative to well-matched workers. At the aggregate level, skill and qualifications mismatch are associated with lower labour productivity within industries.
Tags : 2015 September Newsletter; Article; In English; Skills - mismatch; Source: OECD - Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development;
Effective Performance with A.G.I.L.E. Instructional Design
Effective evaluation improves the quality of what we do, increases the efficiency in how we do it, determines the degree to which we can consistently achieve what we set out to do, and measures the strategic value of it all. Performance support plays a vital role in enabling all of this.
Tags : 2015 September Newsletter; AGIL methodology; Article; In English; Instructional design; Methodology - AGIL; Source: Learning Solutions Mag;