Thirty-five states have policies in place that support apprenticeship and other kinds of work-based learning. The scan explains each type of work-based learning policy, identifies which states have work-based learning policies in place (including descriptions of those policies) and reveals which states have opportunities to adopt new policies.
This study reviews recent policies and practices aiming to tackle unemployment through addressing skill mismatch in the EU-28 Member States. It examines skill mismatch policy instruments aimed at reducing unemployment as well as measures to prevent it.
A Review of Policies and Practices on Continuous Professional Development
Integrated education and training policies address the challenge of helping individuals who have basic skill gaps to qualify for middle-skill jobs. These policies encourage the adoption of program models that allow people to develop or refresh basic skills such as math, reading, or spoken English while simultaneously training for a in-demand occupation or industry.
Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) system policy review for Lao PDR. The skills base among the workforce in Lao PDR is low, due in large part to the low quality of education and high dropout rates at the level of basic education. Migration of skilled workers to neighbouring countries adds to the difficulties for Lao enterprises in finding such workers. Lao enterprises, in particular small, non-export oriented and domestic-owned firms, rarely provide training opportunities for staff. System-wide education reforms are necessary to provide a competent workforce for future inclusive and sustained socio-economic development.
This document evaluates how well new skills and employment policies and systems have been implemented.
Effectiveness of interventions aimed at improving women’s employability and quality of work : a critical review
This paper examines the effectiveness of a variety of policy interventions that have been tried in developing and transition economies with the goal of improving women’s employability and quality of work. The programs include active labor market programs, education and training programs, programs that facilitate work (such as childcare subsidies, parental leave programs and land titling programs), microfinance programs, entrepreneurship and leadership programs, and conditional cash transfer programs. Some of these policy interventions were undertaken to increase employment, some to increase female employment, and some for other reasons.
The failure of Korea’s specialized high schools to adapt to shifting needs of industries and expectations of students have contributed to a labor and skill shortage especially affecting small and medium enterprises (SME). In response to these problems, government, the industries, and institutions of research and education are working together to establish an innovative, demand-oriented and competence-based system of vocational education. This article describes the current trends in the Korean labor market and presents selected policies and initiatives to minimize the existing skills mismatch and and labor shortage.
European Union. Taking the Copenhagen Process Apart : Critical readings of European Vocational Education and Training Policy
The thesis argues that the Copenhagen Process has legitimately extended vocational education and training policy formation to include the EU and its new institutional settings established through the Open Method of Coordination. Furthermore, vocational education and training is being reconfigured within a neoliberal Lifelong Learning discourse in which education and training in general is to contribute to the competitiveness of the EU in a global economy. Within this discourse, policy is de-politicized and naturalised as being neutral and evidence-based leading to the unreflective transfer of policies across countries.