Canada. The Cost of Vertical Mismatch in Canadian Labour Markets: How Big is It?
Inappropriate matches between workers and jobs in terms of education cause a surplus or deficit in schooling. One measure that allows us to quantify this mismatch is based on how much worker education levels deviate from the level required in their occupation. A second measure is a possible mismatch between workers’ field of study and that required in their occupation. The aim of this study is to understand the importance of these issues for the Canadian economy by analyzing the economic costs of educational mismatch.
Tags : Canada; Mismatch training/workforce - skills; Skills - mismatch training/workplace; Source: CLSRN - Canadian Labour Market and Skills Researcher Network; Working paper;
Canada/Ontario. International Students and Education
International education comprises several elements: increased international student access and retention within domestic institutions, growth in numbers of domestic students pursuing opportunities to study abroad, and diversifying institutional administration, staff, faculty, and services to promote internationalization. It is imperative that the Government of Ontario takes steps to enhance each of these areas in order to internationalize its university sector and remain competitive with other jurisdictions around the world.
Tags : Canada/Ontario; International students; Policy paper; Source: OUSA - Ontario Undergraduate Student Alliance; Students - international;
Sierra Leone. They got mad skills : the effects of training on youth employability and resilience to the Ebola shock
This paper discusses a randomized control trial to measure the short-term impacts of a skills intervention among urban youth in Sierra Leone at the onset of the Ebola crisis. The intervention provided (i) technical skills training, plus on-the-job training; (ii) business skills training; and (iii) a mix of (i) and (ii). All groups received stipends and literacy and numeracy training. The findings support evidence that combining cash injections and skills training can stimulate employment and entrepreneurship.
Tags : Africa; Ebola; Employability - youth; Health field; Lower-income countries; Paper; Sierra Leone; Source: World Bank; Youth - employability;
Sweden. Continuing professional development of vocational teachers: participation in a Swedish national initiative
This study concerns the continuing professional development (CPD) of vocational teachers. This study aims to explore vocational teachers’ participation in this CPD programme. The analysis is based on registry data on participation in the initiative. Our theoretical foundation is the socio-cultural theory of identity formation, with a focus on the boundary crossing between different communities of practice, and a theory of adults’ participation in education. The findings show differences in participation according to age, vocational area, and geographic location. The results indicate that participation opportunities may be influenced by, for example, institutional factors and situational factors. This implication is discussed in relation to vocational teachers’ development of a professional identity and their teaching of the vocational subject.
Tags : Continuing education; Education - continuing; Paper; Source: Empirical Research in Vocational Education and Training; Sweden; Teachers - vocational; VET - teachers;
Africa. Learning from social enterprises: How to solve youth unemployment in Africa
Across the continent, unemployment rates are staggering, but social enterprises are teaming up to catalyze change.
Tags : Africa; Article; Employment - youth; Source: Devex; Youth - employment;
Returns on vocational education over the life cycle: Between immediate labour market preparation and lifelong employability
An important issue in the design of secondary-level education is the balance between conveying general and occupation-specific (vocational) skills. On the one hand, vocationally oriented programmes, providing occupation-specific skills with immediate labour market relevance, have repeatedly been shown to secure safe pathways into employment. On the other hand, these programmes tend to put less emphasis on developing general knowledge, skills and competencies, including numeracy and literacy, which are foundational to lifelong learning. Hence, when the needs of the labour market change, employees who opted for a vocational track when they were at secondary school risk being less flexible in adapting to such changes later in their career.
Tags : Continuing education; Education - continuing; Paper; Source: International Review of Education; VET - vocational education and training;
Four ways to maximize the effectiveness of youth employment programs
The youth employment challenge is a stubborn reality in all regions and nearly every country. Over 35 per cent of the estimated 201 million unemployed people today are youth (between the ages of 15 and 24). Worldwide, the challenge is not only to create jobs but to ensure quality jobs for young people who are often underemployed, work in the informal economy, or engage in vulnerable employment. Today, two out of every five young people in the labor force are either working but poor or unemployed.
Tags : Article; Employment - youth; Source: World Bank; Youth - employment; Youth 15-24;
Journal. TVET@Asia, Issue 8, January 2017
TVET Quality Improvement Initiatives in the Wake of ASEAN Economic Community 2015
Realigning SD goals for Industry and TVET Training Programs: A Crucial Undertaking Brunei TVET Transformation: The Development of the Institute of Brunei Technical Education’s two Key Surveys The Corporate Image Building Programme of TVET Institutions in the Socialist Republic of Vietnam The Effect of Personal Traits on Entrepreneurship Intention of Students at Tourism Vocational High Schools in Bandung A Study on the Use of Feedback to Improve Assessment of Life Skills in Mechanical Engineering Course Solutions for the improvement of regional TVET quality in the wake of ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) Localization of TVET Governance in Korea A Model of Technical and Vocational Teacher Education at Bachelor’s Degree Level and its Relevance to the Occupational Tasks of TVET Teachers in the OIC Member States Moving Across the Middle Income Trap (MIT) Border through Human Capacity Building. Thailand 4.0 - Industry 4.0 Emerging Challenges for Vocational Education and Training
Tags : Articles - journal; ASEAN Economic Community; Brunei Darussalam; Indonesia; Malaysia; Source: TVET@Asia; South Korea; Thailand; VET - vocational education and training; Vietnam;