Canada. The labour shortage and youth unemployment
Apprenticeship and youth unemployment: some employers are getting it right! The article raises some interesting points about how committed employers can solve their own “skills shortage” … if they are willing to make the investment.
Interview of Jeff Griffiths, Chair at National Certification Committee in Alberta, Canada
Tags : 2014 June Newsletter; Article; Canada; In English; Shortage - skills; Skills - shortage; Source: The Windsor Star; Target group: Youth; Trend - analysis;
Canada. The future of jobs in Canada
The biggest threat facing the economy is a massive shortage of qualified workers. It is estimated that there will be 1.5 million skilled job vacancies in 2016, and 2.6 million by 2021.
http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/politics/ottawa-poised-to-revisit-skills-gap-in-federal-budget/article9860886/ Related news.
Canada. What to do about a massive shortage of qualified workers
Tags : 2014 June Newsletter; Analysis - trends; Article; Canada; Employment trend; In English; Infographic; News; Shortage - skills; Skills - mismatch; Skills - shortage; Source: Macleans; Source: The Globe and Mail; Training - workplace; Trend - analysis; Trend - employment;
Canada/Ontario. Building a bridge to Canadian career
Program helps immigrants adjust to culture and find relevant employment.
List of Ontario bridging programs, visit ontarioimmigration.ca
Tags : 2014 June Newsletter; Article; Canada/Ontario; En bref; Foreign students; In English; Source: Toronto Star; Target group: Foreign workers;
France. Vocational training and professional development: a capability perspective
Lifelong learning has become one of the keys to making workers' career paths more secure at both the French and the European policy level. However, the implementation of these policy lines raises delicate questions as to how the responsibility for vocational training should be shared among employees, employers and public institutions. The study, based on quantitative and qualitative surveys in which employers and their employees were consulted, shows that the environment provided by the company contributes more decisively than employees' previous training and career paths to the capability of the latter to attend vocational training and develop professionally at work. Relying on these empirical findings, it proposes a scheme for a capability-based conceptualization of professional development.
Tags : 2014 June Newsletter; Analysis; Continuing education; Development - workforce; Education - continuing; France; In English; Lifelong learning; Paper; Source: VOCEDplus; Survey; VET - vocational education and training; Workforce - development;
Germany. Job matching across occupational labour markets
This paper refers to an analysis of matching processes in occupational labour markets in terms of classes of jobs that share extensive commonalities in their required qualiﬁcations and tasks. The ﬁndings of this study strongly suggest the use of an augmented matching function that considers job and worker searches across occupational labour markets.
Tags : 2014 June Newsletter; Analysis - comparative; Comparative analysis; Germany; In English; Paper; Skills - needs; Source: Institute for Employment Research; Workforce - analysis;
India’s Approach to the Certification of Vocational Skills
New concerns in the field of skills development and certification put a target of training and certifying 500 million people by 2022 to cash in on the country’s demographic dividend and make India’s labour force globally competitive. Obviously, the bulk of this 500 million will be trained informally, and recognizing and certifying their skills is therefore crucial. Towards this end it is proposed to implement a National Vocational and Educational Qualification Framework (NVEQF) that would rationalize the Indian vocational training and certification system. It is envisaged that NVEQF will be able to tackle the existing problems of the system.
See also India’s Approach to the Certification of Vocational Skills
http://mhrd.gov.in/sites/upload_files/mhrd/files/Rashmi A Vocational_Skill_Certification_2.pdf
Tags : 2014 June Newsletter; Article; Employment trend 2022; Framework - national framework; In English; India; National skills policies; National Vocational and Educational Qualification Framework (NVEQF); NVEQF - National Vocational and Educational Qualification Framework; Skills - development; Source: NORRAG - Northern Research Review and Advisory Group;
Russia. Are Skills a Constraint on Firms? New Evidence from Russia
Survey of recruitment firms to look at how Russian firms perceive the supply of skills in the labour market and how well those skills match to their demand for labour.
Tags : 2014 June Newsletter; In English; Russian Federation; Shortage - skills; Skills - needs; Skills - shortage; Source: IZA - Institute for the Study of Labor; Survey;
Tunisia. Entrepreneurship Training and Self-Employment among University Graduates: Evidence from a Randomized Trial in Tunisia
This paper relies on randomized assignment of the entrepreneurship track to identify impacts on labor market outcomes one year after graduation. The analysis finds that the entrepreneurship track was effective in increasing self-employment among applicants, but that the effects are small in absolute terms. In addition, the employment rate among participants remains unchanged, pointing to a partial substitution from wage employment to self-employment. The evidence shows that the program fostered business skills, expanded networks, and affected a range of behavioral skills. Participation in the entrepreneurship track also heightened graduates' optimism toward the future shortly after the Tunisian revolution.
Tags : 2014 June Newsletter; Analysis - trends; Employment - youth; Employment trend; In English; Paper; School-to-work transition; Source: IZA - Institute for the Study of Labor; Target group: University students; Trend - analysis; Trend - employment; Tunisia; Youth - employment;
UK. Motivation and barriers to learning for young people not in education, employment or training
This research paper aims to understand why 18 to 24 year old are not in education, employment or training (NEET).
Tags : 2014 June Newsletter; Analysis; In English; NEET - not in employment - education or training; Research paper; Source: Government of UK/Department for Business Innovation and Skills; Target group: Youth 18-24; United Kingdom; Youth;
European Union. Challenges Facing European Labour Markets: Is a Skill Upgrade the Appropriate Instrument?
The financial and economic crisis shattered the Lisbon Strategy’s attempt to increase the EU’s employment rate to 70% among 15-64 year old by 2010. The new Europe 2020 strategy envisages a 75% adult employment rate by 2020; however, this goal also seems unrealistic in light of the economic crisis which has caused the EU’s employment rate to drop significantly below 70%. A crucial question now is whether a skill upgrade of the European labour force would help to increase the employment rate, especially among youth. This Forum explores the relationship between education and employment throughout the EU.
Tags : 2014 June Newsletter; Analysis - trends; Development - skills; Employability; Employability - youth; European Union; In English; Paper; Skills - development; Source: Intereconomics; Strategy Europe 2020; Trend - analysis; Youth - employability;
Europe. Innovating on skills
Countries with strong vocational education show lower youth unemployment rates.
Tags : 2014 June Newsletter; Article; In English; Source: Business Line; Target group: Youth; VET - trend; VET - vocational education and training; Youth;
A College Degree Sorts Job Applicants, but Employers Wish It Meant More
Employers value a four-year college degree, many of them more than ever.
Tags : 2014 June Newsletter; Analysis; Article; In English; School-to-work transition; Skills - needs; Source: The Chronicle of Higher Education; Survey;
Recognizing non Formal Learning Experiences: Top-down or Bottom-up Approaches for Skills Alignment
Adults have an active role in their own learning and training. Non formal and informal education is the cornerstone for a lifelong learning and career development. But related knowledge and skills, derived from several years of professional experience, personal development, or continuous vocational training, are hardly recognized in the formal education arena. Candidates for a diploma or qualification have to confront more or less referenced educational syllabus. For a better classification and promotion of individual knowledge and skills, and a more effective definition of associated competency proficiency levels, this paper investigates two approaches, supported with tools, so as to guide candidates in self-assessment and as such facilitate knowledge and skills validation by examination boards.
Tags : 2014 June Newsletter; Education - non formal; In English; Non formal education; Paper; Source: HAL Archives ouvertes;
Youth Unemployment and Vocational Training
This paper focuses on the determinants of the labor market situation of young people in developed countries and the developing world, with a special emphasis on the role of vocational training and education policies. We highlight the role of demographic factors, economic growth and labor market institutions in explaining young people's transition into work. We then assess differences in the setup and functioning of the vocational education and training policies in major world regions, as an important driver of differential labor market situation of youth. Based on our analysis we argue in favor of vocational education and training systems combining work experience and general education and give some policy recommendations regarding the implementation of education and training systems adapted to a country's economic and institutional context.
Tags : 2014 June Newsletter; Analysis - trends; Article; In English; Source: IZA - Institute for the Study of Labor; Target group: Youth; Unemployment - youth; VET - vocational education and training; Youth - employability; Youth - unemployment;
Marginalization of young people in education and work: findings from the school-to-work transition surveys
This paper studies causes and consequences of labor market marginalization in 8 developing countries.. More links between educational institutions, enterprises, social and institutional partners are decisive to implement the dual principle, namely generating work experience together with, rather than after general education: a closer integration of the educational system with the outside business world, through activities of job placement and counseling, as well as programs of on the job training (apprenticeship) are important to the generation of the job specific work experience and other skills that also entrepreneurs consider important when hiring a young person, therefore reducing the overall length of the school-to-work transition.
Tags : 2014 June Newsletter; Azerbaijan; China; Development - skills; Document; Egypt; In English; Iran; Lower-income countries; Middle-income countries; Mongolia; Nepal; School-to-work transition; Serbia; Skills - development; Source: UNESCO; Statistics; Syrian Arab Republic; Target group: Youth - disadvantaged; Youth - disanvantaged;